After his participation in the Summit of the BRICS, conducted in SOUTH AFRICA March 28, 2013, Russian President Putin ordered the holding of military exercises in the Black Sea. At his command warships moved from the Ukrainian Sevastopol Bay. It was reported that three more maneuvers in the Russian territorial waters involving 36 warships and more than 7 thousands of troops. The President's Press Secretary, Dmitry Peskov said that, on the basis of international practice, pre-trial alert Black Sea coastal countries to hold the exercises had not been deemed necessary because the troop strength should not exceed 7 thousand.
Peskov explained that the purpose of the exercise was to strengthen the military power of the Russian Navy, with the following wording: "The biggest of all time exercises is to validate our fleet's abilities to perform tasks in the event of war. Indeed, after the August 2008 war in Georgia broke out discussions on the modernization of the Russian army. But according to some analysts, after the Georgian war became obvious weakness of the Russian army, tried to maintain control over the former Soviet region.
Last month Russian Army conducted routine military exercises, in which the armed forces participated in the Central and interior parts of the country. The Chief of the General staff of the armed forces of Russia Valery Gerasimov said that these teachings had revealed a number of system errors and omissions in the army. It can be stated that Russia and Putin is acting in accordance with the continuity of earlier responses and makes significant investment in terms of military expenditure and modernization of the army. In addition, the modernization of the army within the next 10 years, Moscow has formed a 600 billion euro budget. Also, recent exercises designed to become the showcase of the surviving image of the Russian army, which has been criticized for ineffectiveness during the war in Georgia.
Reflection of the Black Sea military exercises on the Mediterranean region
It can be said that these teachings are interregional message, taking into account the agreement on relations between the countries of the Black Sea region and preserving stability in the Black Sea. Assuming that there are some new developments in the Middle East and the Syrian crisis, more useful to pay attention to the Middle East and the Mediterranean, not the Black Sea.
As if Recalling the last month due to a conflict in Syria Moscow decided on the permanent presence of combat ships in the Mediterranean Sea, a decision that has sparked heated debate. Some experts have described the decision as "a step Russia Kremlin on return to the Mediterranean Sea, and other authors have noted that" Russia does not have the strength to keep ships here. " The decision to hold military exercises in the Black Sea taken aboard the plane on the way to the Summit of the BRICS, transmits the message, therefore, that the army and Russia's armed forces are strong enough to protect its geopolitical role and ready for a possible military scenarios.
In the current situation of civil war, which has been progressing for more than two years, in the framework of Russian foreign policy is based on the desire to avoid foreign intervention. Moscow, set a goal to implement a plan to seat at the table through political dialogue in Syria, supporters and opponents of the regime complies with the terms of the Geneva agreement signed following the meeting in June of the year 2012 and intends to bring the positions of international actors to a common denominator.
February 13, 2013, when the Foreign Ministers of the Arab League met with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov, they compromised by agreeing with the idea that representatives of the regime and its opponents will to negotiate. However, the fact that at the recent Summit the President of the national coalition of LAS Syrian revolutionary and opposition forces Muadh Al-Khatib was given Syria's empty chair, said of Russia's attempts to tŝëtnosti when evaluating their diplomatic isolation in the context of the Assad regime. Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Aleksander Lukashevich said in his comments that the LEAGUE's decision runs counter to the common understanding of the need for a peaceful and political settlement in Syria, which, in particular, happens in the framework of the Geneva Agreement "Group action" on Syria from June 30, 2012 year.
In addition to providing Syria's empty seat at the Summit, the leader of the opposition, the LAG of the Kremlin in the presence of actors like the global and regional level, are attracted to England and France to lift the embargo on arms supplies to Syria. Moreover, it was emphasized that according to the concept of foreign policy, revised and published last month, the Russian foreign policy activity will concentrate on the elements of "soft power"; It is clear that elements of the "hard power" will retain its hardness at least in the short term. Similarly, Moscow relies on economic and military power to be "influential subject of international relations", referring to the bitter memories of the real experience of the Balkans 1990-ies. and then Russia's inability to prevent the unilateral initiatives of Western countries. From that point of view, Russia to be part of the solution to the Syrian crisis as important finds at the request of the "great powers" to negotiate with both the United States and the EU and NATO.